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Fwd: UNAIDS/WHO Press Release: 12 May 2011 -Groundbreaking trialresults confirm HIV treatment prevents transmission of HIV
May 13th, 2011 - 09:24:10
20110512_Treatment for prevention QA.doc
Please see the important press release below!
---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Juliana Davids
Date: Fri, May 13, 2011 at 2:12 AM
Subject: UNAIDS/WHO Press Release: 12 May 2011 -Groundbreaking trial results
confirm HIV treatment prevents transmission of HIV
To: "athenanetwork (at) yahoogroups.com"
*Groundbreaking trial results confirm HIV treatment prevents transmission of
*WHO and UNAIDS hail results from the HPTN 052 trial that show
antiretroviral therapy to be 96% effective in reducing HIV transmission in
couples where one partner has HIV*
*GENEVA, 12 May 2011*Results announced today by the United States National
Institutes of Health show that if an HIV-positive person adheres to an
effective antiretroviral therapy regimen, the risk of transmitting the virus
to their uninfected sexual partner can be reduced by 96%.
This breakthrough is a serious game changer and will drive the prevention
revolution forward. It makes HIV treatment a new priority prevention
option, said Michel Sidibé, Executive Director of the Joint United Nations
Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). Now we need to make sure that couples have
the option to choose Treatment for Prevention and have access to it.
The trial, conducted by the HIV Prevention Trials Network, enrolled more
than 1 700 sero-discordant couples(one partner who is HIV-positive and one
who is HIV-negative) from Africa, Asia, Latin America and the United States
Only people living with HIV with a CD4 cell count of between 350 and 550,
thus not yet eligible for treatment for their own health according to latest
WHO guidelines, were enrolled in the study. The reduction of sexual
transmission of HIV was so significant that the trial was stopped 3-4 years
ahead of schedule.
"This is a crucial development, because we know that sexual transmission
accounts for about 80% of all new infections," said Dr Margaret Chan, WHO
Director-General. "The findings from this study will further strengthen and
support the new guidance that WHO is releasing in July to help people living
with HIV protect their partners."
The availability of Treatment for Prevention will not only empower people to
get tested for HIV, but also to disclose their HIV status, discuss HIV
prevention options with their partners and access essential HIV services. It
will also significantly contribute toreducing the stigma and discrimination
People living with HIV can now, with dignity and confidence, take
additional steps to protect their loved ones from HIV, said Mr Sidibé.
It is currently estimated that only about half of the 33 million people
living with HIV know their HIV status. An increase in the uptake of testing
for HIV would have a significant impact on the AIDS response, particularly
if more people gain access to treatment in light of the new findings.
UNAIDS and WHO recommend that couples make evidence-informed decisions on
which combination of HIV prevention options is best for them. UNAIDS urges
that Treatment for Prevention be one of the options made available to
couples. The new WHO guidelines coming out inJuly will help countries to
make this a reality for people who choose to use this new HIV prevention
option. The guidelines will include specific recommendations on increasing
access to HIV testing and counseling and the use of antiretroviral therapy
among discordant couples.
No single method is fully protective against HIV. Treatment for Prevention
needs to be used in combination with other HIV prevention options. These
include correct and consistent use of male and female condoms, waiting
longer before having sex for the first time, having fewer partners, male
circumcision, and avoiding penetrative sex. The significance of the findings
put Treatment for Prevention firmly in the HIVprevention package.
To increase access to the Treatment for Prevention option, the Treatment 2.0
initiative must be urgently implemented to innovate, simplify, reduce costs
and mobilize communities toscale up HIV testing and counseling and
UNAIDS will convene a partners meeting to further discuss this new
development and its implications for the AIDS response. This builds on a
series of expert consultations which have been convened by WHO and UNAIDS on
Treatment for Prevention during the last two years.
UNAIDS and WHO will work with countries and partners to make Treatment for
Prevention an integral part of the HIV response and to ensure it is made
available to people who wish to use it as soon as possible.
*UNAIDS Geneva*| *Sophie Barton-Knott *|* tel. +41 22 791 1697 *|*
bartonknotts (at) unaids.org
WHO Geneva *| *Tunga Namjilsuren *|* tel. +41 22 791 1073 *|*
namjilsurent (at) who.int
*UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, is an innovative
United Nations partnership that leads and inspires the world in achieving
universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. Learn more
*WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the
United Nations system. As a UNAIDS Cosponsor, WHO leads the health sector
response to HIV/AIDS. WHO supports the scale up of national
HIV/AIDStreatment and care programmes while accelerating HIV prevention and
strengthening health systems so that the health sector response to the
epidemic is more effective and comprehensive. Learn more at www.who.int/hiv
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